Quilting Techniques

Cross Hatching
 
A quilting pattern used to fill in background, or void spaces.  Diagonal lines, equidistant apart, are quilted in one direction, and then in the opposite direction, to form diamond or squares.  This can be limited to certain areas or over the entire quilt.
 
Echo Quilting
 
When the fabric or appliqué piece has a distinct shape that you want to carry on to the quilting, you can repeat the shape in the quilting.  For example, if you have a heart in the block you could quilt the shape of the heart around it two or more times.  The outlines are typically spaced ¼” intervals for small patterns.
 
Meandering
 
Freehand edge-to-edge quilting method using a curving, continuous pattern (loops/whirls, etc.) over the entire quilt top.  The lobes are generally 1”–2” apart.  This type of quilting adds a texture but does not alter the original design/emphasis of the quilt. If you wish to preserve the original layout/design with no added emphasis, this is the best choice.
 
Motifs
 
A pattern or stencil, typically stitched in an individual block.  Motifs in adjacent blocks may make up a larger design.
 
Pantograph
 
One quilting pattern is quilted throughout the quilt in multiple rows, from top to bottom, (edge-to-edge).  Some pantographs are quite detailed, requiring tighter quilting.  This is the fastest (and most economical) method of quilting. You must specify the head and foot of the quilt top.
 
Stippling
 
Similar to meandering with a much tighter spacing, ¼”-½”.  This technique is typically used to accent the background for an appliqué or motif.
 
Stitch in the Ditch
 
Also referred to as outline quilting.  This follows the outline on either or both sides of a pieced or appliquéd quilt. The stitches are very close so any "problems" with the piecing are very apparent.  Due to the nature of a longarm machine, this is the most difficult (and expensive) form of quilting.  Accuracy (closeness to the "ditch") is typically 1/16".  Frequently requested for Log Cabin and Star quilts.
 
 Trapunto
 
A dimensional design in a quilt by which closely sewn lines of stitching are stuffed with batting to make them appear 3-dimensional, or raised from the surface. Commonly used in Whole Cloth style quilts.